This map is the first partnership between Adam Matthew Group and Axis Maps LLC exploring both the place and space of Victorian London through historic data and primary source documents. While the words “space” and “place” may be used synonymously, they represent two different sides of this map and two different questions we hope to answer as you use it.
Space or “Which areas of Victorian London are most similar / different to each other (and how did that change over time)?” The 19th century was a dynamic time for London and its population and we wanted to let you explore that by the numbers. Organized by metropolitan works district, you can see how and where the population of London changed over 100 years. We’ve also included the locations of social institutions throughout London as their locations help us understand how the city tried to cope with the changing nature of its urban population.
Place or “What was it like to be in Victorian London?” As London’s population was changing in the 19th century, the city itself was being reshaped. This map contains 3 different perspectives on the changing city. Historic basemaps not only give you a top-down view of the city; they also allow you to see what aspects of the city cartographer’s felt were important enough to include on their maps. Original images let you see the important features of the city from a variety perspectives. Finally, the Tallis streetviews allow you to put yourself on a London street and look around.
The selection of data presented in this map was defined with the help of Ruth Livesey, Consultant Editor, and sourced by the Adam Matthew Digital editorial team. The social institutions were researched largely using data from primary source documents (especially guidebooks) found within London Low Life. Entries from various primary source documents were cross-checked against each other; then, if necessary, secondary research was undertaken to find out further information about each institution.
The population data was researched using data from the UK census, collated to fit the district divisions of the Metropolitan Board of Works (1855-1889), this being the most relevant of the various administrative units of government during the Victorian period. The data was verified against the Statistical Abstract for London, 1901 (published by the London County Council) and County of London: Population Changes 1810-1901 by Karl Grytzell (Lund: University of Lund, 1969).